DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY

VISION

Our Geology Department objectively aims to constantly strive, achieve, and maintain a worthy and commendable position in the field of geological sciences. We endeavor to accomplish this in our students by imparting, disseminating, participating, and contributing knowledge, skills, and rational values with a local, national, and global perspective, to them.

MISSION

Our objectives are:

  • To provide, promote and sustain an enriching and transformative educational experience for our students with a strong foundation of basics and applied knowledge in the geological sciences.
  • To promote relevant pedagogical and research practices within and outside the department to enable our students to think critically, visualize and synthesize ideas with originality and application.
  • To impart and imbibe in them, necessary skills like problem-solving, communication, interpersonal, and leadership skills which they may transfer to their job or vocation that they wish to pursue.
  • To engage actively with relevant stake holders and society in general, via participation, co-operation, and consultation outside the traditional borders of the department, locally, nationally, and globally.

Programme Educational Objectives (PEOs)

            The following constitute the PEOs for the Bachelor of Science program in Applied Geology offered by the Department of Geology, Government Arts College (A), Salem – 636007. Applied Geology is the combination of pure geology courses with other courses which overlap with physics, chemistry, mathematics, computing, and engineering such as geophysics, geochemistry, geostatistics, mining geology, mineral exploration, remote sensing, engineering geology and others. Like Geology, Applied Geology is a field oriented programme with mandatory field training/internships throughout the duration of the course.The course offers a viable scope for job opportunities or consulting work in geology or options in non-geological fields, after the completion of the undergraduate degree. Progression to higher degrees is an option for those who want to continue their education for which the higher degree qualification is eligible for relevant job opportunities.

PEO1

The Bachelor of Science program aims to provide to all prospective students a strong foundation combining a broad knowledge and practical skills, of the different courses in Applied Geology at the graduate level with reasonable scope for progression to higher degree programs or jobs relevant to the course.

PEO2 The student is introduced to the different components of the earth system including its composition, and operative processes active in the geological past and present in order to understand the different times scales of geological processes.
PEO3 The student acquires an in depth theoretical and relevant practical framework for understanding the nature and origin of different types of geological materials – rocks, minerals, fossils, and fluids.
PEO4 The student learns to understand and apply established fundamental scientific principles using relevant interdisciplinary skills in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computing, engineering and others.
PEO5 The student learns to apply the knowledge of the different earth materials and related geological processes in geological mapping, mineral and fuel exploration, groundwater exploration, environmental assessments, natural disasters, mining geology, engineering geology and others.
PEO6 The student also learns to visualize, synthesize, apply and integrate field work observations with theory via practical knowledge and skills acquired in the class room and laboratory in order to describe natural geological processes.

Programme Specific Outcomes (PSOs)

            The student graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Science program in Applied Geology should be reasonably able to acquire a solid foundation with a working and transferable knowledge in the science of Applied Geology within and outside of its different courses. He/she should be able to:

PSO1

Demonstrate a working knowledge of the terminology of geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and others, with a comprehensive understandingof the earth’s interior, surface, resources, climate, biosphere, and the different methods used to study them.

PSO2

Identify with confidence the different geomorphic features and geological structures in the field and map with emphasis of their origin and configuration.

PSO3

Identify, interpret, synthesizeand evaluate topographic and geological maps, terrain models, draw profiles and geological cross sections.
PSO4

Identify with confidence the different minerals, rocks, ores, and fossils in the field or outcrop or laboratory,based on their megascopic and microscopic characters and natural crystals based on their morphology along with a working knowledge of their geological origin and significance.

PSO5

Identify, interpret, visualize, synthesizeand evaluate geophysical data, geochemical data, and remote sensing images.

PSO6

Apply the relevant principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, computing and engineering to varied geological problems.
PSO7

Apply and handle Brunton and clinometer compasses, different surveying equipment, geophysical surveying equipment, remote sensing images, topographic maps, terrain models, and others in geological mapping, mineral exploration and other geological investigations.

PSO8

Apply the acquired knowledge to mineral and fuel exploration, mine planning and mining geology, remote sensing geology and engineering geology.

PSO9

Discuss with confidence the theories and principles for major processes, phenomena and observations within Applied Geology. Synthesize recorded observations, evidences and theory across different areas of earth and planetary science, recognising and explaining similarities and differences between different regions, times, planets and geological processes.

PSO10

Develop proficiency in understanding and conveying complex geological ideas and concepts with clarity in written, online and oral communication and to develop positive values and aptitude necessary to obtain and maintain employment as a professional geologist or to further their education.

Course Outcomes

Course Name : FUNDAMENTALS OF GEOLOGY                 Course Code: 21UGL01

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to describe the different characteristics of earth and how they relate to the to the solar system. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember
CO2 The student is able to understand how earth quakes are generated. Ideas on how the earth’s interior is demarcated using seismic waves generated from natural earth quakes is also appraised. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand & Apply
CO3 The student is introduced to geological time via stratigraphy and on the different methods of determining the age of the earth. He/she is able to apply the appropriate method in assessing the age of earth materials. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand & Apply
CO4 The student is introduced to the revolutionary concept of continental drift which later evolved to the plate tectonics paradigm. He/she is also introduced to volcanoes which are controlled by plate tectonic boundaries and isostasy which explains how plate buoyancy and uplift are related. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Evaluate
CO5 The student is introduced to different earth materials which will be dealt in detail in the later semesters. The process of weathering is discussed in illustrative detail along with the soil products generated. The role of hydrosphere and atmosphere is explained and analysed relevant to the earth’s system. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand &Analyze

Course Name : GEOMORPHOLOGY &     STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY                          Course Code: 21UGL02

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to demarcate different orders of landforms, recognize describe, and identify different landforms generated by wind, define geomorphic cycles, and categorize the major geomorphic features of Tamil Nadu. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is able to recognize, describe, and identify different landforms generated by rivers and underground water, define erosional cycles and drainage patterns related to rivers, and to differentiate the major river systems of Tamil Nadu. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO3 The student is able to recognize, describe, and identify different landforms generated by glaciers and oceans and underground water, define marine erosional features and their deposits. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO4 The student is introduced to structural geology and its scope. The student  will be able to distinguish, compare, and describe rock outcrops, their field configuration, and inherent structures. The significance of unconformities and rock joints is emphasised. Use of the Brunton and Clinometer compasses in measuring these structures is emphasized as a skill. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Apply, illustrate analyze, and evaluate
CO5 The student is introduced to different fault and fold structures. The student will be able to identify, distinguish, compare, and describe these structures, their field configuration, and their related structures. Use of the Brunton and Clinometer compasses in measuring these structures is emphasized as a skill. The student in introduced to stereographic projections for evaluating structural data collected in the field. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Apply, illustrate analyze, and evaluate

Course Name : PALEONTOLOGY                                                           Course Code: 21UGL03

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to demarcate different orders of landforms, recognize describe, and identify different landforms generated by wind, define geomorphic cycles, and categorize the major geomorphic features of Tamil Nadu. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is able to recognize, describe, and identify different landforms generated by rivers and underground water, define erosional cycles and drainage patterns related to rivers, and to differentiate the major river systems of Tamil Nadu. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO3 The student is able to recognize, describe, and identify different landforms generated by glaciers and oceans and underground water, define marine erosional features and their deposits. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO4 The student is introduced to structural geology and its scope. The student  will be able to distinguish, compare, and describe rock outcrops, their field configuration, and inherent structures. The significance of unconformities and rock joints is emphasised. Use of the Brunton and Clinometer compasses in measuring these structures is emphasized as a skill. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Apply, illustrate analyze, and evaluate
CO5 The student is introduced to different fault and fold structures. The student will be able to identify, distinguish, compare, and describe these structures, their field configuration, and their related structures. Use of the Brunton and Clinometer compasses in measuring these structures is emphasized as a skill. The student in introduced to stereographic projections for evaluating structural data collected in the field. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Apply, illustrate analyze, and evaluate

Course Name : CRYSTALLOGRAPHY &   OPTICAL MINERALOGY                           Course Code: 21UGL04

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and describe the different morphological characters of crystals combined with the discussion of crystal forms, parameters, and others. 1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is able to understand and describe the different morphological characters of crystals of the cubic and tetragonal system combined with the discussion of their crystal forms, parameters, and others. 1,4,5,6,8,9,10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO3 The student is able to understand and describe the different morphological characters of crystals of the hexagonal and rhombohedral divisions of the hexagonal system and the orthorhombic system, combined with the discussion of their crystal forms, parameters, and others. 1,4,5,6,8,9,10 Understand, apply and evaluate
CO4 The student is able to understand and describe the different morphological characters of crystals of the monoclinic and triclinic systems combined with the discussion of their crystal forms, parameters, and others.Twin crystals are also discussed. 1,4,5,6,8,9,10 Apply, illustrate analyze, and evaluate
CO5 The student is able to understand and describe the different optical properties of minerals combined with the discussion of their optical properties which can be determined by polarizing microscope techniques. 1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 Remember, understand & Apply

Course Name : MINERALOGY                                                                Course Code: 21UGL05

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to describe the different megascopic characteristics of mineralsin general and how they help to demarcate their diagnostic properties for identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to describe the different megascopic characteristics of mineral groups and understand their diagnostic properties for nomenclature and identification purposes. The physical properties of minerals are also discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 Topics relevant to basic crystal chemistry as applied to minerals is discussed. Different morphological phenomenon observed in minerals are also discussed. The student is able to describe the different megascopic characteristics of mineral groups and understand their diagnostic properties for nomenclature and identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to describe the different megascopic characteristics of mineral groups and understand their diagnostic properties for nomenclature and identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to describe the different megascopic characteristics of mineral groups and understand their diagnostic properties for nomenclature and identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : IGNEOUS & METAMORPHIC PETROLOGY                                    Course Code: 21UGL06 

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to describe the different outcrop configurations of igneous rocks. He/she is also able to classify igneous rocks on standard schemes for nomenclature, identification, and affinity to a group or clan of igneous rocks. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to describe the course of crystallization of binary, and ternary systems related to different magmatic types. The student understands the role of magmas in the formation of igneous rocks. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The microscopic features of igneous rocks are described for understanding the ambient physical conditions present during the magma to rock consolidation stages, and to assess why minerals are grouped as essential or accessory based on their relative abundances. Petrographic description of common and important rocks are discussed for familiarity and megascopic properties. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to describe the processes in metamorphism, petrographic characters of different metamorphic rocks, and  their megascopic characteristics for nomenclature and identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to describe the processes and petrographic characters of different metamorphic rocks, and  their megascopic characteristics for nomenclature and identification purposes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : STRATIGRAPHY & INDIAN GEOLOGY                                           Course Code: 21UGL07

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and describe the different principles and laws of stratigraphy, and how they work in field conditions with some examples based on simple successions of already worked out geological maps. Applicable knowledge with insight of the different subdivisions of stratigraphy and their applications including correlation, the geological time scale is gained by the student. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student acquires knowledge of the imperfections in the stratigraphic record; knowledge of India’s physiographic, structural and tectonic divisions. The oldest rock succession is introduced with a template on how important stratigraphic successions have to be studied in detail. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to describe the different stratigraphic successions and their relevant details. These standard successions are useful in geological mapping for comparison in terms of age, fossil content, and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to describe the different stratigraphic successions and their relevant details. These standard successions are useful in geological mapping for comparison in terms of age, fossil content, and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to describe the different stratigraphic successions and their relevant details. These standard successions are useful in geological mapping for comparison in terms of age, fossil content, and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : SEDIMENTARY PETROLOGY & ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY                                Course Code: 21UGL08

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and describe the weathering and geomorphic processes involved in generating sediments, understand different sedimentary processes,  classify sedimentary rocks, and assess the different sedimentary textures as related to geomorphic processes. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to understand and describe different sedimentary depositional environments; understand different sedimentary structures, residual deposits, processes, assess the different sedimentary environments. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to understand and describe different chemical and organic sedimentary rocks; understand different sedimentary structures, residual deposits, processes, assess the petrographical features of sedimentary clastic rocks. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to understand and describe the types of natural, renewable, and non-renewable resources; understand how man impacts the environment in different ways and means; know and assess groundwater pollution, environmental health, and understand the role of how geology is related to human health and chronic disease. 1,6,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to understand and describe the types of energy related renewable, and non-renewable resources; understand how mining impacts the environment in different ways and means; know and assess coastal erosion; human generated waste and its disposal; and an outline of relevant environmental laws in India. 1,6,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : ECONOMIC GEOLOGY                                                 Course Code: 21UGL09

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and describe how economic minerals are formed in a mineral deposit. The classification scheme is the working template for different ore or mineral deposit forming processes. The relation of mineral deposits to particular periods of geological time and their distribution is discussed for application in exploration geology. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to understand and describe how economic minerals are formed by specific processes of ore formation. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to understand and describe how economic minerals are formed by specific processes of ore formation. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to understand and describe the petrographic features of ores. Metallic ore deposits and some industrial mineral deposits are discussed in detail. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to understand and describe the petrographic features of ores. Metallic ore deposits and some industrial mineral deposits are discussed in detail. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : MININGGEOLOGY                                                         Course Code: 21UGL10

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and describe how overburden materials are removed to expose the economic deposit. Sampling of economic minerals for tenor or grade estimation in a working mine is discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to understand and describe the role of drilling in day to day mining operations and logging of bore hole samples done in the lease area for later mining. Open cast mining methods and the equipment used in a working mine are explained and assessed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to understand, describe, and assessthe mining applied to coal seams, hard rocks, alluvial deposits, hydraulicking, and dredging of economic minerals. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to understand, describe, and assessthe underground mining methods applied to coal seams and hard rocks. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to understand, describe, and assessthe subsurface coal mining methods, mine ventilation, groundwater problems, and modes of transportation of broken ore in mines, life cycle of a mine and reclamation of mined or quarried land after mining has effectively ceased. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : EXPLORATION GEOLOGY                                          Course Code: 21UGLM1

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to describe the different geological guides to locate ore and mineraldeposits. Sampling methods for different earth materials is emphasized. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is able to describe the gravity method of geophysical prospecting with useful inputs for field application and data collection. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to describe the magnetic method of geophysical prospecting with useful inputs for field application and data collection. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to describe the electrical method of geophysical prospecting with useful inputs for field application and data collection. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to describe the seismic reflection and refraction methods of geophysical prospecting with useful inputs for field application and data collection. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : MARINE GEOLOGY                                                       Course Code: 21UGLM2

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is introduced to marine geology with an understanding and  discussion of: morphological characters, mapping, and ocean sediments. These topics are relevant to mineral exploration of the ocean floor. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to the tectonic domains, salient features of the oceanic crust, interaction of sea water and basalt, oceanic mantle plumes and coral reefs and atoll formation. These topics are relevant to the relevant geophysical and geochemical phenomenon of the ocean crust. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is introduced to the drilling the oceanic crust, sedimentation on continental margins, sediment transport and distribution. These topics find relevance to geological exploration of the oceanic crust and stratigraphy.The vertical temperature distribution of water column, CCD and SCD influence sedimentation on the ocean floor. These topics are relevant to ancient marine stratigraphy to assess water depth. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is introduced to chemistry of ocean water; different types of sampling equipment, their uses, working mechanism, limitations and applications. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is introduced to the varied mineral resources of the ocean floor and their distribution, including massive sulphides and black smoker chimney deposits, petroleum accumulation, and natural gas hydrates. The role of ocean currents, tides, eustasy, and tsunamis are discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : REMOTE SENSING                                                         Course Code: 21UGLM3

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand the basic elements of RS. He/she in introduced to different energy sources and their interaction with the atmosphere, spectral signatures, and atmospheric windows. 1,2,3,5,8,9,10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to the types and classes of satellite RS and aerial RS. 1,2,3,5,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is introduced to AP interpretation elements and their  mosaics. He/she learns and understands the elements of satellite RS. 1,2,3,5,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is introduced to thermal RS and SLAR. A short account of IRS satellites and Indian space missions is introduced. 1,2,3,5,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 A short account of the remote sensing techniques in the study of geomorphic features and geological structures relevant to ground water and mineral exploration is emphasized. 1,2,3,5,8,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : MINERAL RESOURCES OF  TAMIL NADU                                        Course Code: 21UGLM4     

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is introduced to the mineral deposits in Tamil Nadu relevant to the following industries: abrasives, refractory, cement, glass, paints and pigments. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to the mineral deposits relevant to the following industries: ceramics and fertilizer, and of the following metallic ore deposits: Fe, Nb-Ta, W, and Mo. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is introduced to the following metallic ore deposits in Tamil Nadu: base metals (Cu, Pb, & Zn), Ni,PGE, Al, Cr, and Sn.Mode of occurrence, reserves and distribution in Tamil Nadu: lignite, natural gas, petroleum, mica, talc, and steatite deposits. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is introduced to the following economic deposits in Tamil Nadu: lignite, natural gas, petroleum, mica, talc, and steatite deposits. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is introduced to the following economic deposits in Tamil Nadu: apatite, rock phosphate,barite, asbestos, evaporite salt, vermiculite deposits, building and dimension stones. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : FIELD GEOLOGICAL   TECHNIQUES                                                  Course Code: 21UGLM5

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand all aspects of prior planning necessary and apply them judiciously for future field work. He/she in introduced to topographic sheets for preparing a base map for the field work. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to basic concepts in geological mapping and their applications. Rock outcrops are discussed with a view to use their features mapping. Different types of field mapping are discussed and assessed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is able to understand, describe, assess and use the Brunton and Clinometer compass as essential devices in geological mapping. The use or plane table and prismatic compass in mapping is also emphasized. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is able to understand, describe, assess and utilizeaerial photographs, and hand held GPS units in geological mapping. Themed mapping methodology is discussed. Digital base maps devised for use in sample location is also discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is able to understand, describe, and assess the significance in preparing a field geological report and its parts. Map symbols and field indicators are discussed. Methods of handling different types of geological samples are discussed and assessed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : MINERAL ECONOMICS                                                            Course Code: 21UGLM6

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is introduced to mineral economics and its scope; strategic, critical, essential minerals, and sustainable development of mineral resources. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to the role of minerals in national and global economy, demand, and supply, mineral conservation and substitution. The role of water as an economic resource and desalination of seawateris discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is introduced to the mineral industry in India with a discussion of mine regulations. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is introduced to the significance of National Mineral Policy, MMDR Act, and Environmental Impact Assessment Act, and their role in mining of minerals. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 The student is introduced to EIA acts related air pollution control, forest protection, land acquisition, and tribal protection with a discussion of river linking, UNCLOS, Law of the Sea, and India’s EEZ. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : WATERSHED MANAGEMENT                                    Course Code: 21UGLM7

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand and apply the basic elements of hydrogeology as a base for watershed management. 1,2,3,5,9,10 Remember, understand, apply, and assess.
CO2 The student is introduced to the types of aquifers and their properties, subsurface water flow, drainage basins, and groundwater exploration for application to watershed management. 1,2,3,5,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO3 The student is introduced to water wells and drilling methods for the extraction of groundwater. Economic uses of water and water laws are outlined. 1,2,3,5,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO4 The student is introduced to water shed management and recharge of GW. 1,2,3,5,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.
CO5 Groundwater provinces and GW basins of Tamil Nadu are outlined for understanding. Conservation of water by rain water harvesting and governance in water conservation at different levels is discussed for application and assessment. 1,2,3,5,9,10 Understand, apply, and assess.

Course Name : FUEL GEOLOGY                                                             Course Code: 21UGLS1

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand the salient facts relevant to petroleum deposits, including their origin, migration and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is introduced to reservoir rock properties, oil window, trap rocks, and petroleum resources of India. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, analyzeand apply
CO3 The student is introduced to natural gas hydrates which may prove to be an exploitable resource in the future. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand and apply
CO4 The student is able to understand the salient facts relevant to coal deposits including their origin, composition, uses and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognize and apply
CO5 The student is able to understand the salient facts relevant to natural radioactive fuels, their host rocks and deposits, including their origin, exploration, and others. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognizeand apply

Course Name : ENGINEERING GEOLOGY                                          Course Code: 21UGLS2

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand the salient facts and application of engineering geology. The discussion on engineering properties of rocks and soils have field and practical applications. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is introduced to dams and water reservoirs with a discussion on their role in maintaining water supply to all. The inherent problems relevant to dams and reservoirs are also discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, analyzeand apply
CO3 The student is introduced to tunnels and their support structures with future applications based on the purpose of the tunnel construction. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand and apply
CO4 The student is introduced to natural and man-made landslides along with applications relevant to remediation and safety. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognize and apply
CO5 The student is introduced to the role of foundations in different engineering structures. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognizeand apply

Course Name : GEMMOLOGY                                                                 Course Code: 21UGLS3

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand the facts and applications of on how a raw mineral can be assessed for possible use as a gemstone. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is able to understand the salient facts and apply skills in gemstone identification via mineralogical properties and gem testing equipment. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, analyzeand apply
CO3 The student is introduced to gemstone prospecting, their mining methods, and post mining processing for selection, grading for later cutting polishing, and finishing. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand and apply
CO4 The student is introduced to different cutting and polishing techniques. Some emphasis on gemstone processing industries relevant to Tamil Nadu is discussed. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognize and apply
CO5 The student is introduced to the varied gemstone provinces of Tamil Nadu for future field visits and collection of gemstones. A short discussion on mining regulations relevant to gemstone mining is introduced for information. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10 Understand, recognizeand apply

Course Name : ORE DRESSING                                                               Course Code: 21UGLS4

S. NO. COURSE OUTCOME PSOs Addressed BLOOMS VERB
CO1 The student is able to understand the facts and applications of on how a raw ore or industrial mineral needs to be prepared prior to factory manufacture. 1,4,6,7,8,9,10 Remember ,understand, and apply.
CO2 The student is able to understand the salient facts and apply skills in screening and sizing of broken ores with flow chart examples of screening practice done in quarries or factories. 1,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, analyzeand apply
CO3 The student is introduced to particle separation methods and equipment used. 1,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand and apply
CO4 The student is introduced to froth flotation methods, reagents used, and equipment. 1,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, recognize and apply
CO5 The student is introduced to methods relevant to ore or industrial mineral particle separation from fluids. 1,4,6,7,8,9,10 Understand, recognizeand apply